TNT Colloquium: Characterizing the Quark-Gluon Plasma with ALICE experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider [Duke]
For only a few millionths of a second after the Big Bang, our universe consisted of a hot and dense soup of quarks and gluons, which cooled down very quickly to form protons, neutrons, and other such normal nuclear matter. The discovery and characterization of this new phase of matter called the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), require the creation of a sufficiently large and extended volume of hot and dense matter, which is possible by colliding heavy-ions at ultra-relativistic energies.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, commissioned in the year 2009, has collided proton-proton, proton-lead, xenon-xenon and lead-lead ions at unprecedented energies. The ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) collaboration at the LHC has carried out a comprehensive study to characterize the QGP phase through various probes. In the presentation, we will discuss the recent results from ALICE and the future program at the LHC.