Top-down modulation of interoception: the gut-level interface with decision-making?
Dr. Paulus studied Medicine at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz. He received a postdoctoral fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in 1986 to study the effects of calcium antagonists on animal models of mania at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). Dr. Paulus completed his residency at UCSD in psychiatry in 1997. At that time, he joined the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD as an Assistant Professor and became a staff psychiatrist at the Veterans Affairs San Diego Health Care System (VASDHS). Dr. Paulus is currently a Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD and the Associate Chief of Psychiatry at VASDHS. Dr. Paulus is also the Director of the Center for Telemental Health at the VASDHS, which focuses on delivering evidence based psychotherapy to Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. His research focuses on the interface between interoception, i.e. the sense of the physiological state of the body, and decision-making as it relates to anxiety, drug addiction, and optimal performance. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles and has reviewed for public and private agencies both nationally and internationally. In particular, Dr. Paulus is interested how this interface can be the target of novel training and treatment approaches to reduce anxiety, the susceptibility to drug abuse, and increase performance in extreme environments.