Triangle Quantum Computing Seminar Series: Faster and More Reliable Quantum SWAPs via Native Gates
Due to the sparse connectivity of superconducting quantum computers, qubit communication via SWAP gates accounts for the vast majority of overhead in quantum programs. We introduce a method for improving the speed and reliability of SWAPs at the level of the superconducting hardware's native gateset. Our method relies on four techniques: 1) SWAP Orientation, 2) Cross-Gate Pulse Cancellation, 3) Commutation through Cross-Resonance, and 4) Cross-Resonance Polarity. Importantly, our Optimized SWAP is bootstrapped from the pre-calibrated gates, and therefore incurs zero calibration overhead. We experimentally evaluate our optimizations with Qiskit Pulse on IBM hardware. Our Optimized SWAP is 11% faster and 13% more reliable than the Standard SWAP. We also experimentally validate our optimizations on application-level benchmarks. Due to (a) the multiplicatively compounding gains from improved SWAPs and (b) the frequency of SWAPs, we observe typical improvements in success probability of 10-40%. The Optimized SWAP is available through the SuperstaQ platform.
Pranav Gokhale is the Co-founder and CEO of Super.tech. He received his PhD in quantum computation at UChicago, where he was advised by Fred Chong. His research focuses on breaking the abstraction barrier between quantum hardware and software, with the aim of realizing practical applications sooner than otherwise possible. Pranav's research has led to four best paper awards and five patent filings.
Co-sponsors: IBM Quantum Hub at NC State, and Rethinc.Labs - Frank H. Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise at UNC - Chapel Hill