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CEE Seminar: Machine Learning Approaches in Fluid Dynamics

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Wednesday, March 04, 2020
3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Svetlana Tokareva
CEE Spring 2020 Seminar Series

In this talk, I will first review the state of the art high order methods for hydrodynamic simulations. The numerical approximation of the Euler equations of gas dynamics in a moving frame is a common approach for solving many multiphysics problems involving e.g. large deformations, strong shocks and interactions of multiple materials. In Lagrangian methods, the mesh is moving with the fluid velocity, therefore they are well-suited for accurate resolution of material interfaces. On the other hand, multidimensional Lagrangian meshes tend to tangle so that the mesh elements become invalid, and in general cannot represent large deformation. This problem can be partially resolved by high order methods, such as high order finite volume (WENO, ADER), discontinuous Galerkin, high order finite elements, residual distribution methods, because they allow the mesh to deform longer before the remeshing phase. Next, I will focus on the applications of machine learning algorithms for improving the speed
and accuracy of hydrodynamic simulations. For example, artificial neural networks can be trained to determine the so- called troubled cells in regions of the flow near shocks where some scheme modification is needed in order to ensure stability. This approach is sometimes superior to commonly used shock indicators as it provides better localization of the troubled cells....