Chemistry Seminar Presented by Prof. Rachel Martin: "Seeing through cataract formation with NMR spectroscopy"
"Seeing through cataract formation with NMR spectroscopy"
The optical power of the vertebrate eye lens is generated by the crystallins, exceptionally soluble proteins that are packed in at very high concentration (up to about 50% protein in humans, and even higher in fish). The extraordinary solubility of these proteins is even more remarkable given that the lens has almost no protein turnover: crystallin proteins have to last for a lifetime. When crystallins do aggregate, the result is cataract, a major cause of blindness worldwide. Understanding both the transparent hydrogel of the healthy lens and the aggregates of the disease state is a long-term research direction for my group. I will present our recent structural and biophysical work on mutations involved in hereditary cataract, the impact of oxidative damage, and the complex relationship among different types of post-translational modifications. I will also discuss the NMR instrumentation we have developed to study semi-solid protein systems of this type that are not amenable to either standard solid-state or solution techniques.
To learn more about the Martin lab and their research, please visit: https://probemonkey.com/.
Faculty Host: Prof. Warren Warren